Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In  it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.
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Aryabhataalso called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elderbornpossibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, Indiaastronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also aktobiography as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name.
He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patnathen the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c.
Its contents are preserved to some extent in the works of Varahamihira flourished c. Autoniography is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to autobiogarphy. Aryabhatiya was particularly popular in South India, where numerous mathematicians over the ensuing millennium wrote commentaries.
Aryabhata the Elder
The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy. In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. Using the Pythagorean theoremhe obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines.
He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional to sine. Mathematical series, quadratic equationscompound interest involving a quadratic equationproportions ratiosand the solution of various linear equations are among the arithmetic and algebraic topics included. With Kala-kriya Aryabhata turned to astronomy—in particular, treating planetary motion along the ecliptic. Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Golawhere he applied plane trigonometry to spherical geometry by projecting points and lines on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes.
Aryabhata also correctly ascribed the luminosity of the Moon and planets to reflected sunlight.
The Indian government named its first satellite Aryabhata launched in his honour. We welcome suggested improvements to any aryabgata our articles.
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Aryabhata I, Aryabhata the Elder. Learn More in these autobilgraphy Britannica articles: That European astronomy was also known is suggested by the 6th-century astronomer Varahamihira, who mentions the Romaka…. Aryabhata in the late 5th century was the greatest mathematician of his age. He introduced the concepts of zero and decimals.
Varahamihira of the Gupta age was a profound scholar of all the sciences and arts, from botany to astronomy and from military science to….
On the one hand, greater cycles were calculated in order to include the revolutions of…. Its author, Aryabhata I c. Later, when Muslim scholars translated this work into Arabic, they retained the word jiva without translating its….
Little is known of these authors.
Aryabhata lived in Kusumapura near modern Patnaand Brahmagupta is said to have been from Bhillamala modern Bhinmalwhich was the capital of the….
More About Aryabhata 5 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References achievements in mathematics and astronomy In education: Classical India In Indian mathematics: The role of astronomy and astrology In India: Society and culture development of chronology In chronology: Eras based on astronomical speculation trigonometry In trigonometry: India and the Aryabhsta world. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Aryabhata II biography
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