ASTM D Standard Test Method for Cone Penetration of Petrolatum. Qty. Model, Description. 1, Choose One: H, Universal penetrometer ( includes standard needle). H, Penetrometer with digital timer*, V, 60Hz. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHOD FOR CONE PENETRATION OF PETROLATUM from SAI Global.
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Due to its easy handling, the penetration method is employed in a wide scope of applications for food.
Consistency gives food the typical mouthfeel that is atsm when it is swallowed. The penetration value ensures the adequate feeding of the friction area; the long-term performance of mechanical elements depends heavily on the selection of the right grease according to the penetration class. This can be solvent molecules, more complex polymeric structures, small particles, gas bubbles, etc.
Please fill in the form below to get a quote for the Koehler K Penetrometer:. Difference between fluid, semi-solid, and solid materials Fig. The sensory expectations of the customer have to be fulfilled. The penetration is measured before and after applying many double strokes up to 1, of a perforated plate in the greased-filled cup placed in the working machine.
This instrument features a full penetration range of The value is obtained by calculation from needle penetration and the ring-and-ball softening point using a softening point tester.
Covers the empirical estimation of the consistency of waxes derived from petroleum by measurement of the extent of penetration of a standard needle. If the consistency of ketchup is not atm, it will not flow out of the bottle easily.
The behavior of the bitumen in the medium temperature range can be assessed by means of the penetration test. Using this value, conclusions can be drawn about the performance of bitumen as a binder for road construction. Looking for a specific close-up? Depending on their physical behavior, all materials can be placed on a scale from highly viscous to semi-solid and solid. It is supplied with 50 and gram weights and standard A lot of different penetration test kits are used for chemical products such as adhesives, sealants, and glue pastes.
Precision asrm and assembled to exacting specifications, and ruggedly constructed to insure long service life in both laboratory and field satm.
ASTM D – 97 Standard Test Method for Cone Penetration of Petrolatum
Head atsm adjusts for accurate placement of the tip of the needle or cone on the surface of the sample. Product Description This Koehler K penetrometer is designed for ASTM penetration tests on petroleum products and for consistency tests on a wide range of food products, cosmetics, pastes and other solid to semisolid products. The penetration test provides information on the texture.
Substances we encounter, within the fluid or solid state of matter, can be described according to their consistency, see Figure 1.
A penetration of would represent solid grease, while a penetration of would mean that the sample is fluid. According to the European Pharmacopoeia Method 2. Awtm text as it appears:: Typical negative consequences of neglecting the consistency are: Micro-cone set; cup assembled.
What is an inner structure? General Use laboratory apparatus balances, baths, blenders, centrifuges, chart recorders, freezers, fume hoods, furnaces, glassware washers, glove boxes, mixers, moisture testing, ovens, pumps, shakers, vacuum equipment, water purification Therefore, a needle is used for bitumen and a perforated disk penetrator is used for liquid-like samples.
The penetration test is used for adjusting the right consistency:.
The consistency of semi-solid and solid bituminous materials is tested up to Penetration Units PU. Koehler K Penetrometer Condition: Consistency measurement is used to determine the degree to which a material resists deformation by an applied force. Penetrometer with hollow cone. Cover four procedures for measuring the consistency of lubricating greases by the penetration of a cone of specified dimensions, mass and finish. The point of plastic deformation is called the yield point.
A good spreadability of butter, margarine, cheese, honey, and other food must be ensured. Grease penetration measurement .
The treatment in a grease worker exposes the sample to high mechanical stress in a comparatively short time. Typical applications for penetration testing Bitumen The consistency of semi-solid and solid bituminous materials is tested up to Penetration Units PU.
Sturdy cast iron base provides excellent support and has a built-in spirit level and leveling screws to insure proper alignment of the penetrometer during testing. Right-click to open the PDF in a new window or download it: A brief presentation of the globally used ASTM test is given below:.
ASTM D937 – 07(2012)
Anything that is dissolved or dispersed in a material contributes to its inner structure. The deeper the cone sinks into the material, the softer the sample and the lower the consistency.
ASTM D, IPDIN – Needle penetration of petroleum waxes Covers the empirical estimation of the consistency of waxes derived from petroleum by measurement of the extent of penetration of a standard needle.
Pharmaceutical laboratory apparatus stability chambers, tablet disintegration, tablet dissolution, tablet hardness, V-blenders, A brief presentation of the globally used ASTM test is given below: Additionally, a grease worker is necessary for the grease sample preparation.